Early Education Programs and Skill Development in the US

Tipo de publicación: Capítulo de libro
Fecha: 2016
Autor(es): Andrés Hojman, James Heckman, Sneha Elango, Jorge García
Fuente: Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, volume 2, Moffitt. 2016

This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it, we go beyond meta-analysis and reanalyze primary data sources in a common framework. We consider the evidence from means-tested demonstration programs, large-scale means-tested programs and universal programs without means testing. We discuss which programs are beneficial and whether they are cost-effective for certain populations. The evidence from high-quality demonstration programs targeted toward disadvantaged children shows beneficial effects. Returns exceed costs, even accounting for the deadweight loss of collecting taxes. When proper policy counterfactuals are constructed, Head Start has beneficial effects on disadvantaged children compared to home alternatives. Universal programs benefit disadvantaged children.

Link: http://www.nber.org/papers/w21766